Timelines

Explore Anthony Trollope’s life and his place in the nineteenth century. Select which of our four Timelines you would like to explore, or view them all together.

  • Trollope’s life — After an unhappy childhood and an uncertain start to his career in The Post Office Trollope moved to Ireland, married and started to write. He became a successful civil servant and a celebrated author, he travelled throughout the United Kingdom, Europe and the world.
  • Trollope’s works — Trollope’s writing career spanned 37 years, during which he published 47 novels, numerous short stories, magazine articles and non-fiction.
  • Other authors’ works — Publication dates of major nineteenth century novels.
  • Social and Political — Explore the events of nineteenth century British history with information from the BBC’s British History Timeline.

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Sense and Sensibility

30 October 1811

Sense and Sensibility by Jane Austen is published on 30 October 1811.

Pride and Prejudice

28 January 1813

Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen is published by Thomas Egerton on 28 January 1813.

Mansfield Park

19 May 1814

An advertisement in The Star on 9 May 1814 announces the release of  Mansfield Park by Jane Austen, to be published by Thomas Egerton in July 1814.

Waverley

7 July 1814

Waverley by Walter Scott is published in Edinburgh on 7 July 1814 by Archibald Constable and Co.

Anthony Trollope born

24 April 1815

Anthony Trollope born in Keppel Street London.

Emma

23 December 1815

Emma by Jane Austen is published by John Murray on 23 December 1815.

Persuasion and Northanger Abbey

20 December 1817

Persuasion and Northanger by Jane Austen are published by John Murray on 20 December 1817.

Frankenstein

1 January 1818

Frankenstein by Mary Shelly is published by Lackington, Hughes, Harding, Mavor, & Jones on 1 January 1818.

Ivanhoe

20 December 1819

Ivanhoe by Walter Scott is published by Archibald Constable in Edinburgh. All first editions carry the date of 1820, but it was released on 20 December 1819 and issued in London on the 29th by Hurst, Robinson and Co..

Starts as dayboy at Harrow school

1 September 1823

In September  1823 Trollope starts as a dayboy at Harrow school.

Starts at Arthur Drury’s school at Sunbury

1 September 1825

In September 1825 Trollope starts at Arthur Drury’s school in Sunbury.

Entered Winchester College

1 April 1827

In April 1827 Trollope entered Winchester College.

Removed from Winchester College

1 July 1830

In Summer 1830 Trollope was removed from Winchester College.

Sent again to Harrow School

1 January 1831

In January 1831 Trollope was sent again to Harrow School.

Domestic Manners of the Americans

1 March 1832

Domestic Manners of the Americans by Frances Trollope is published in two volumes by Whittaker in March 1832.

Family flees to Bruges

1 April 1834

In April 1834 the Trollope family flee to Bruges to escape creditors.

Starts work in the General Post Office

4 November 1834

Trollope is appointed a junior clerk in the General Post Office, London.

The Pickwick Papers

1 March 1836

The Pickwick Papers by Charles Dickens is published in monthly parts from March 1836–November 1837.

Oliver Twist

1 February 1837

Oliver Twist by Charles Dickens is published in monthly parts from February 1837–April 1839.

Nicholas Nickleby

31 March 1838

Nicholas Nickleby by Charles Dickens is published in installments from 31 March 1838–1 October 1839.

The Old Curiosity Shop

1 April 1840

The Old Curiosity Shop by Charles Dickens was published in installments from April 1840–February 1841

Barnaby Rudge

1 February 1841

Barnaby Rudge by Charles Dickens was published in installments from February– November 1841.

Appointed surveyor’s clerk in Ireland

29 July 1841

Trollope is appointed surveyor’s clerk in the Central District of Ireland.

Martin Chuzzlewit

1 January 1843

Martin Chuzzlewit by Charles Dickens was published in installments from January 1843–July 1844.

Marries Rose Heseltine

11 June 1844

Trollope marries Rose Heseltine at Rotherham, Yorkshire.

Transferred to Southern District of Ireland

26 August 1844

Trollope is transferred to the Southern District of Ireland as assistant surveyor. He moves to Cork in August.

 

 

Henry Merivale Trollope born

13 March 1846

Anthony and Rose’s first child, Henry Merivale Trollope is born.

Dombey and Son

1 October 1846

Dombey and Son by Charles Dickens was published in monthly parts from October 1846–April 1848.

Vanity Fair

1 January 1847

Vanity Fair by William Makepeace Thackeray is published in monthly parts from January 1847–July 1848.

The Macdermots of Ballycloran

1 March 1847

In March 1847 The Macdermots of Ballycloran is published by Newby.

Frederick James Anthony Trollope born

27 September 1847

Anthony and Rose’s second child, Frederick James Anthony Trollope is born.

 

 

Jane Eyre

16 October 1847

Jane Eyre by Charlotte Brontë was published on 16 October 1847 by Smith, Elder & Co.

Wuthering Heights and Agnes Grey

1 December 1847

Wuthering Heights by Emily Brontë and Agnes Grey by Anne Brontë are published together in three volumes by Newby in December 1847.

The Kellys and the O’Kellys

1 June 1848

In June 1848 The Kellys and the O’Kellys is published by Colburn.

David Copperfield

1 May 1849

David Copperfield by Charles Dickens was published in installments from May 1849–November 1850.

 

 

La Vendée

1 June 1850

In June 1850 La Vendée is published by Colburn.

Uncle Tom’s Cabin

5 June 1851

Uncle Tom’s Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe is published as a 40-week serial in The National Era, an abolitionist periodical, starting with the June 5, 1851. Published in book form on March 20 1852 by John P. Jewett and Company in the USA, and in May 1852 in London.

Cranford

13 December 1851

‘Our Society in Cranford’ is published in the magazine Household Words (no 90) in December 1851. Mrs Gaskell added eight further episodes over the next 18 months. Cranford itself follows as a single-volume book published by Chapman & Hall in June 1853.

Bleak House

1 March 1852

Bleak House by Charles Dickens was published in installments from March 1852–September 1853.

Basil

16 November 1852

Basil by Wilkie Collins is published by Richard Bentley on 16 November 1852.

Appointed acting surveyor of the Northern District

29 August 1853

Trollope appointed acting surveyor of the Northern District of Ireland.

Hard Times

1 April 1854

Hard Times by Charles Dickens was published in installments from April 1854–August 1854.

North and South

2 September 1854

North and South by Elizabeth Gaskell appears in Household Words from 2 September 1854–27 January 1855. Chapman & Hall publish the novel in 1855.

 

 

Appointed surveyor of Northern District

9 October 1854

Appointed surveyor of Northern District of Ireland.

The Warden

1 January 1855

In January 1855 The Warden is published by Longman.

Little Dorrit

1 December 1855

Little Dorrit by Charles Dickens was published in installments from December 1855–June 1857.

The Dead Secret

3 January 1857

The Dead Secret by Wilkie Collins is serialised in Household Words, 3 January–13 June 1857; Harper’s Weekly, 24 January – 27 June 1857; and in Littell’s Living Age, Boston, 28 February – 18 July 1857. Book publication by Bradbury & Evans, between 1-14 June 1857.

Barchester Towers

1 May 1857

In May 1857 Barchester Towers is published by Longman.

The Three Clerks

1 November 1857

In November 1857 The Three Clerks is published by Bentley.

The Virginians

1 November 1857

The Virginians by William Makepeace Thackeray is published by Bradbury and Evans in 24 monthly parts, the first one appearing on November 1, 1857.

Doctor Thorne

1 May 1858

In May 1858 Doctor Thorne is published by Chapman and Hall.

 

 

Adam Bede

1 February 1859

Adam Bede by George Eliot is published by Blackwood on 1 February 1859.

The Bertrams

1 March 1859

In March 1859 The Bertrams is published by Chapman and Hall.

A Tale of Two Cities

1 April 1859

A Tale of Two Cities by Charles Dickens was published in installments from April–November 1859.

The West Indies and the Spanish Main

1 October 1859

In October 1859 The West Indies and the Spanish Main is published by Chapman and Hall.

 

 

Transferred to the Eastern District of England

21 November 1859

Trollope is transferred to the Eastern District of England as Surveyor.

Framley Parsonage

1 January 1860

In January 1860 Framley Parsonage is serialised in Cornhill until April 1861. Published in book format in April 1861 by Smith, Elder.

Moves to Waltham Cross

10 January 1860

The Trollope family move to Waltham House, Waltham Cross, Hertfordshire.

The Mill on the Floss

4 April 1860

The Mill on the Floss by George Eliot is published by Blackwood in three volumes on 4 April 1860.

The Woman in White

15 August 1860

The Woman in White by Wilkie Collins is published by Sampson Low on 15 August 1860.

Great Expectations

1 December 1860

Great Expectations by Charles Dickens was published in monthly installments from December 1860–August 1861.

Orley Farm

1 March 1861

In March 1861 Orley Farm begins publication in 20 monthly parts until October 1862. Book publication by Chapman & Hall, Vol. 1 Dec 1861, Vol. 2 Sept 1862.

Silas Marner

2 April 1861

Silas Marner by George Eliot is published by Blackwood on 2 April 1861.

Tales of All Countries (First Series)

1 November 1861

In November 1861 Tales of All Countries: First Series is published by Chapman & Hall.

No Name

15 March 1862

No Name by Wilkie Collins is published in All the Year Round between 15 March 1862–17 January 1863. Book publication by Sampson Low in December 1862.

Elected to the Garrick Club

5 April 1862

Trollope is elected to the Garrick Club, his nomination was seconded by William Makepeace Thackeray.

 

 

North America

1 May 1862

In May 1862 North America is published by Chapman & Hall.

 

 

Romola

1 July 1862

Romola by George Eliot was serialised in Cornhill Magazine from July 1862 (vol. 6, no. 31) to August 1863 (vol. 8, no. 44), and was first published as a book, in three volumes, by Smith, Elder & Co. in 1863.

The Struggles of Brown, Jones and Robinson

1 August 1862

The Struggles of Brown, Jones and Robinson is serialised in Cornhill Magazine in eight monthly parts from August 1861 to March 1862. Published in a single volume by Smith, Elder in 1870. (Harper & Brothers of New York published a pirated edition in April 1870).

The Small House at Allington

1 September 1862

The Small House at Allington is serialised in Cornhill Magazine from September 1862 to April 1864. Book publication by Smith, Elder in March 1864.

Orley Farm (Vol 2)

1 September 1862

Orley Farm, Vol 2 published by Chapman & Hall

Tales of All Countries (Second Series)

1 February 1863

In February 1863 Tales of All Countries (Second Series) is published by Chapman & Hall.

Rachel Ray

1 October 1863

Rachel Ray is published by Chapman & Hall

Trollope’s mother dies

6 October 1863

Trollope’s mother, Fanny, dies.

Attends Thackeray’s funeral

29 December 1863

Trollope attends Thackerary’s funeral at Kensal Green Cemetery.

Can You Forgive Her?

1 January 1864

Can You Forgive Her? appears in monthly numbers until August 1865. Book publication by Chapman & Hall, Vol 1, September 1864, and Vol 2, July 1865

Royal Literary Club

9 March 1864

Trollope is elected to the general committee of the Royal Literary Club.

The Athenaeum Club

9 April 1864

Trollope is chosen by committee for membership of the Athenaeum Club.

Our Mutual Friend

1 May 1864

Our Mutual Friend by Charles Dickens was published in installments from May 1864–November 1865.

Wives and Daughters

1 August 1864

Wives and Daughters by Elizabeth Gaskell is serialised in the Cornhill magazine from August 1864–January 1866. Book publication is by Smith, Elder & Co in 1864.

Miss Mackenzie

18 August 1864

Completes Miss Mackenzie, published by Chapman & Hall, February 1865

Armadale

1 November 1864

Armadale by Wilkie Collins is published in Cornhill magazine, November 1864–June 1866. Book publication by Smith, Elder in June 1866 (advertised as for sale on 18 May).

The Claverings

31 December 1864

Finishes The Claverings (serialized in Cornhill, February 1866–May 1867; book publication by Smith, Elder, April 1867)

Pall Mall Gazette

7 February 1865

First issue of the Pall Mall Gazette is published with two items by Trollope.

Hunting Sketch

9 February 1865

Contributes first ‘Hunting Sketch’ to Pall Mall Gazette (series finished 20 March; issued in book form by Chapman & Hall, May 1865)

Fortnightly Review

15 May 1865

First number of Fortnightly Review published, containing first instalment of The Belton Estate (continuing until 1 January 1866; book publication by Chapman & Hall, December 1865).

Travelling Sketch

3 August 1865

First Travelling Sketch appears in Pall Mall Gazette (series completed 6 September; issued in book form by Chapman & Hall, February 1866).

Clerical Sketch

20 November 1865

First Clerical Sketch appears in Pall Mall Gazette (series completed 25 January 1866; issued in book form by Chapman & Hall as Clergymen of the Church of England, March 1866).

Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland

26 November 1865

Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland by Lewis Carroll is published by Macmillan on 26 November 1865.

Nina Balatka

31 December 1865

Finishes Nina Balatka (serialized in Blackwood’s, July 1866–January 1867; book publication by Blackwood, January 1867).

Felix Holt

14 June 1866

Felix Holt by George Eliot is published by Blackwoods on 14 June 1866.

The Last Chronicle of Barset

15 September 1866

Finishes The Last Chronicle of Barset 9issued by Smith, Elder in weekly numbers, 1 December 1866–6 July 1867; book publication, Vol 1, March 1867, and Vol 2, July 1867).

Saint Pauls

15 November 1866

Invited by James Virtue to edit a new monthly magazine. The title finally chosen was Saint Pauls.

Phineas Finn

15 May 1867

Finishes Phineas Finn (serialised in Saint Pauls, October 1867- May 1869; book publication by Virtue, March 1869).

Linda Tressel

10 July 1867

Finishes Linda Tressel (serialized in Blackwood’s October 1867–May 1868; book publication by Blackwood, May 1868).

Lotta Schmidt

1 August 1867

Third collection of short stories, Lotta Schmidt, published by Strahan.

Resigns from the Civil Service

1 September 1867

After nearly thirty-three years’ service Trollope resigns from the Post Office.

The Golden Lion of Granpère

22 October 1867

Finishes The Golden Lion of Granpère (serialized in Good Words, January – August 1872; book publication by Tinsley, May 1872).

Civil Service farewell dinner

31 October 1867

Farewell dinner after thirty-three years’ service in the Post Office.

 

 

The Moonstone

4 January 1868

The Moonstone by Wilkie Collins is published in All the Year Round, 4 January–8 August 1868; and in Harper’s Weekly, 4 January – 8 August 1868. Book publication by Tinsley Brothers, July 1868.

He Knew He Was Right

12 June 1868

Finishes He Knew He Was Right (published by Virtue in weekly numbers, 17 October 1868-22 May 1869; book publication by Strahan, May 1869).

The Vicar of Bullhampton

1 November 1868

Finishes The Vicar of Bullhampton (published by Bradbury & Evans in monthly numbers, July 1869–May 1870; book publication, April 1870).

Sir Harry Hotspur of Humblethwaite

30 January 1869

Finishes Sir Harry Hotspur of Humblethwaite (serialized in Macmillan’s Magazine, May–December 1870; book publication by Hurst & Blackett, November 1870).

Did He Steal It?

1 March 1869

In March 1869 Trollope dramatizes The Last Chronicle of Barset as ‘Did He Steal It?’ (never performed).

Ralph The Heir

7 August 1869

Finishes Ralph The Heir (published by Strahan in monthly numbers and simultaneously as supplement to Saint Pauls, January 1870–July 1871; book publication by Hurst & Blackett, April 1871).

Gives up editorship of Saint Pauls

1 January 1870

In January 1870, under pressure from Strahan, Trollope agrees to give up editorship of Saint Pauls after the June issue; he stays on until July.

The Mystery of Edwin Drood

1 April 1870

The Mystery of Edwin Drood by Charles Dickens was scheduled to be published in twelve instalments from April 1870 to February 1871. Only six of the instalments were completed before Dickens’s death in 1870.

The Commentaries of Caesar

25 April 1870

Finishes The Commentaries of Caesar (published by Blackwood, June 1870).

An Editor’s Tales

1 June 1870

In June 1870 An Editor’s Tales, Trollope’s fourth collection of short stories, written for Saint Pauls is published by Strahan.

The Eustace Diamonds

25 August 1870

Finishes The Eustace Diamonds (serialized in Fortnightly, July 1871–February 1873; book publication by Chapman & Hall, October 1872).

An Eye for An Eye

10 October 1870

Finishes An Eye for An Eye (serialized in Whitehall Review, 24 August 1878–1 February 1879; book publication by Chapman & Hall, October 1879).

Stands for election as MP for Beverley

17 November 1870

Trollope stands for election as a Member of Parliament as the Liberal candidate for Beverley, Yorkshire. He comes last of four candidates.

 

 

Phineas Redux

1 April 1871

Finishes Phineas Redux (serialized in Graphic, 19 July 1873–10 January 1874; book publication by Chapman & Hall, December 1873).

Lady Anna

19 July 1871

Finishes Lady Anna (serialized in Fortnightly, April 1873–April 1874; book publication by Chapman & Hall, March 1874).

Alice Through the Looking-Glass

27 November 1871

Alice Through the Looking Glass by Lewis Carroll is published on on 27 December 1871.

Middlemarch

1 December 1871

Middlemarch by George Eliot is published in eight instalments (volumes) from 1 December 1871–1 December 1872.

Gives up Waltham House

1 April 1872

Trollope gives up Waltham Cross to travel to Australia.

A Pair of Blue Eyes

1 September 1872

A Pair of Blue Eyes by Thomas Hardy is serialised between September 1872 and July 1873.

Lodgings at 3 Holles Street

1 December 1872

In December Trollope arrives home and takes lodgings at 3, Holles Street, London.

Australia and New Zealand

15 January 1873

Finishes Australia and New Zealand (published by Chapman & Hall, February 1873).

Moves to Monatgu Square

1 April 1873

In April Trollope moves to new home at 39 Montagu Square, London.

Harry Heathcote of Gangoil

28 June 1873

Finishes Harry Heathcote of Gangoil (published as Christmas number of Graphic, 25 December 1873; book publication by Sampson Low, October 1874).

The Way We Live Now

22 December 1873

Completes The Way We Live Now (published by Chapman & Hall in monthly numbers, February 1874–September 1875; book publication June 1875).

Far from the Madding Crowd

1 January 1874

Far from the Madding Crowd by Thomas Hardy is serialised in the Cornhill magazine from January 1874– December 1874.

The Prime Minister

15 September 1874

Finishes The Prime Minister (published by Chapman & Hall in monthly numbers, November 1875–June 1876; book publication June 1876).

Is He Popenjoy?

3 May 1875

Finished Is He Popenjoy? at sea between Ceylon and Melbourne (serialized in All The Year Round, 13 October 1877–13 July 1878; book publication by Chapman & Hall, April 1878).

Twenty letters to the Liverpool Mercury

3 July 1875

First of twenty letters, mostly on Australia, published in the Livepool Mercury (continued weekly until 13 November 1875).

The American Senator

24 September 1875

Finishes The American Senator (serialized in Temple Bar, May 1876–July 1877; book publication by Chapman & Hall, June 1877).

Daniel Deronda

1 February 1876

Daniel Deronda by George Eliot is published by Blackwood. The first of eight parts are published on 1 February 1876 with others following at monthly intervals, ending in September 1876.

An Autobiography

11 April 1876

Finishes An Autobiography. The manuscript is placed in Trollope’s safe and his son Henry is instructed to print it after his death.

The Duke’s Children

29 October 1876

Finishes The Duke’s Children (serialized in All The Year Round, 4 October 1879–14 July 1880; book publication by Chapman & Hall, May 1880).

John Caldigate

21 July 1877

Finishes John Caldigate, serialized in Blackwood’s, April 1878–June 1879; book publication by Chapman & Hall, May 1879).

The Return of the Native

1 January 1878

The Return of the Native by Thomas Hardy is published in the magazine Belgravia, and was presented in twelve monthly installments from January to December 1878.

South Africa

2 January 1878

Finishes South Africa (published by Chapman & Hall, February 1878).

The Chronicles of Barsetshire

1 March 1878

Completes arrangements with Chapman & Hall for the publication in eight volumes of The Chronicles of Barsetshire (November 1878–July 1879).

Ayala’s Angel

24 September 1878

Finishes Ayala’s Angel (published by Chapman & Hall, May 1881).

How the ‘Mastiffs’ Went to Iceland

1 October 1878

How The ‘Mastiffs’ Went to Iceland is privately printed by Virtue in October 1878.

Cousin Henry

8 December 1878

Finishes Cousin Henry (serialized simultaneously in Manchester Weekly Times and North British Weekly Mail, 8 March–24 May 1879; book publication by Chapman & Hall, October 1879).

Thackerary

25 March 1879

Finishes Thackeray (published by Macmillan, May 1879).

Dr Wortle’s School

29 March 1879

Finishes Dr Wortle’s School (serialized in Blackwood’s, May–December 1880; book publication by Chapman & Hall, January 1881).

Marion Fay

21 November 1879

Finishes Marion Fay (serialized in Graphic, 3 December 1881–3 June 1882; book publication by Chapman & Hall, May 1882).

The Life of Cicero

26 May 1880

Finishes The Life of Cicero (published by Chapman & Hall, December 1880).

Moves to North End, South Harting

6 July 1880

Trollope moves from Montagu Square to North End, South Harting near Petersfield.

Kept in the Dark

15 December 1880

Finishes Kept in the Dark (serialized in Good Words, May–December 1882; book publication by Chatto & Windus, October 1882).

The Fixed Period

28 February 1881

Finishes The Fixed Period (serialized in Blackwood’s, October 1881–March 1882; book publication by Blackwood, March 1882).

The Portrait of a Lady

29 October 1881

The Portrait of a Lady by Henry James is published on 29 October 1881 by Houghton, New York, and on 16 November 1881 by Macmillan, London.

Mr Scarborough’s Family

31 October 1881

Finishes Mr Scarborough’s Family (serialized in All the Year Round, 27 May 1882–16 June 1883; book publication by Chatto & Windus, April 1883).

Why Frau Frohmann Raised Her Prices

1 December 1881

Fifth volume of short stories, Why Frau Frohmann Raised Her Prices, published by Isbister in December 1881.

An Old Man’s Love

9 May 1882

Finishes An Old Man’s Love (published by Blackwood, March 1884).

Takes rooms in Garlant’s Hotel

2 October 1882

Trollope takes rooms in Garlant’s Hotel, Suffolk Street, London.

Suffers a stroke

3 November 1882

Trollope suffers a stroke while dining with John Tilley.

The Landleaguers

16 November 1882

The Landleaguers (left incomplete) is serialized in Life from 16 November 1882–4 October 1883; book publication by Chatto & Windus, October 1883.

 

 

Dies in a nursing home

6 December 1882

Trollope dies in a nursing home at 34 Welbeck Street, London.

Burial

9 December 1882

Trollope is buried at Kensal Rise cemetery, London.

An Autobiography

1 October 1883

Publication by Blackwood of An Autobiography.